Why Your Company Match is So ImportantFor many employees, a 401(k) plan or similar defined contribution plan is the biggest retirement asset they have.  The goal is obviously to grow that investment as much as possible and a company match can help accelerate that process.

I’m in a fairly lucky situation at work.  My company has a pretty unusual match.  In a nutshell, they throw in a company match of 35 cents on the dollar.

Did you notice I didn’t say “… up to 6%” or anything like that?

That’s because we don’t have a limit on our match.  In other words, if an employee at my company contributes the max into his/her 401(k), which is currently $18,000 (at least through 2017), they will have received an additional $6,300.

$6,300 in free money per year for doing nothing but saving as much as possible for retirement.  That’s pretty mind-boggling to me.  That’s a return on investment before you even get to “roll the dice” in the stock market.

Why is a company match so important?

I know that the company match I receive is pretty unusual, but most companies offer some type of match – some better and some worse.  It’s so important that you take advantage of it.  Yes, that additional money is fantastic to have in general, but the more critical aspect of that free money is to realize just how much the magic of compounding will take hold on it.

According to Investopediathe most common employer match is 50 cents on the dollar of up to 6% of your salary.  So let’s use that to see how important that company match can be.  Let’s also assume an income of around $44,510, which is the average personal income of a worker in the U.S. in 2015 according to Wikipedia.

So let’s say that Joe Bob (I always wanted to use someone named Joe Bob in an example!) was putting the max into his 401(k) plan and his company match was as mentioned above…

Joe Bob’s annual contribution: $18,000

6% of his salary is $2,670.60

Half of $2,670.60 (in other words, 50 cents on the dollar): $1,335.30

 

So Joe Bob is getting $1,335.30 in free money every year!

 

Wow, big deal, Jim – just over $1,300 a year in Joe Bob’s 401(k)… over 20 years, that’s only $26,000 per year.  No one’s retiring on that!!

That’s true, but that’s without taking the power of compounding into consideration.  Let’s look at that and see how that number changes.

Using a compound interest calculator, I’m going to put in a starting amount of $0, assume a rate of return of 7%, and enter Joe Bob’s company putting in $111 as a match for him every month.  Compounded annually, that gives him an estimated total of $56,655 after 20 years.

 

In other words, compound interest has helped Joe Bob get over $56,000 in free money from his employer!!

 

Also, pretty important to that whole idea is that Joe Bob was maxing out his 401(k) for 20 years.  Check out this really cool Reddit link which shows how easy it is to suddenly end up with a million dollars!

Your company match is probably different from my example I gave because it seems like employers are all over the map on this, but the point is, there’s a lot of free money out there that your employer is likely offering you.

As a side note, after doing the same calculations with my employer’s company match, an employee there would receive $267,963 after 20 years when figuring in the same compounding effect and rate of return.

moneytableOf course, that only matters if you’re contributing to the plan…

Stop it, Jim… why would anyone not be contributing to a plan with a good company match like that?

Good question. I don’t have the answer but I can tell you that, although most employees at my company do contribute, many of them are putting in next to nothing.

I don’t get the scoop from human resources on the exact numbers for each person (and I don’t think legally she is allowed to provide them), but I do like to talk to the guys and gals that work there just to see what they’re doing.  Here are a couple of examples I’m not proud of…

One guy (an engineer) told me he contributes $5 per pay period, which is every two weeks.  That’s only $130 per year!  I get it – his wife has a pension so that’s good, but even if we just focus on the company match, he’ll get about $5,614 after 20 years with our compounding numbers we used above.  That means he’s missing out on around $262,349 of free money… what??!!!

I have another guy there who doesn’t contribute at all because he’s investing in rental property.  And I get it – I’m going to be shopping for another rental property soon as well – but it’s hard to realize that he’s passing up 35 cents on every dollar invested.  Most likely his rental property is going to give him a return of maybe 10% if he’s smart about his investments.  Look, 10% is fantastic and I definitely agree with spreading the risk by buying something tangible, but that means he’s giving up a 25% return right off the bat.  And that’s before the market hopefully goes up over time!

That’s not to say that everyone is on that same path.  We do have a number of people there who contribute the max every year, but I think most of the employees there (and companies everywhere) just don’t seem to get it.  We’re an IT company with some extremely smart people – including many highly-trained engineers – but it’s really as if they don’t even want to think about retirement.

Everyone’s situation is different but please realize that the company match from employers is huge.  I can’t think of anywhere where I can get an instant 35% return on my money with no effort.  Even if your employer doesn’t give you that same match, if they offer some type of  company match, make sure you’re taking advantage of it.  The rule of thumb is to first contribute up to the employer match and then start looking at other investments.  I hope most of you reading are doing exactly that.

 

If you have a defined contribution plan at your work like a 401(k), 403(b), etc., does your employer offer some type of match and are you taking advantage of it?

 

Thanks for reading!!

— Jim

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Why Your Company Match is So Important

17 thoughts on “Why Your Company Match is So Important

  • November 22, 2016 at 7:31 am
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    I wish I got a match. For whatever reason, it’s not common among the large law firms. I can’t imagine anyone not taking advantage of the match. It’s part of your compensation package, so if you don’t take it you are just leaving it on the table. It’s as if they offered you a higher salary for the same job and you shook your head and said, “No, thanks. I’m happy with taking the lower salary.”

    Reply
    • November 22, 2016 at 8:32 am
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      Haha, that’s a perfect analogy! I know that when I was much younger, I didn’t take advantage and put in the max because I just didn’t understand the importance. As soon as I figured out I was essentially leaving money on the table, I started going all in on it.

      On another note, I never knew that matches aren’t common among law firms… that’s very interesting! I wonder why that is – maybe because the pay structure is higher in general?

      — Jim

      Reply
      • December 1, 2016 at 4:17 pm
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        Yes, common for the lawyers. Staff may get matching.

        Reply
  • November 22, 2016 at 9:04 am
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    Our employer recently did away with our pension in favor of instituting a 6 percent uncapped match. Honestly while I’d rather have kept my pension and the previous 4 percent uncapped it’s not lost on me that 6 percent is 33 cents per dollar placed in my 401k. You’d be a fool not to take advantage of that return, at a minimum up to the point of the match. I made a mistake early in my career, 13 or so years ago where I ignored a match to pay off student loan debt quicker. That’s an all to common mistake, take the match and pay beyond that on debt if need be. You can’t beat free money.

    Reply
    • November 22, 2016 at 11:58 am
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      I’m thinking back to my days fresh out of college and I pretty much did the same thing… focused on paying off debt (including student loans) and didn’t contribute everything I could have to my 401(k). Missed out on a lot of money from the match in those days.

      — Jim

      Reply
  • November 22, 2016 at 11:47 am
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    That’s a pretty amazing 401k match you have their Jim. Pretty amazing it isn’t taken advantage of more.

    … but then again, people do all kinds of stupid things with money!!

    Reply
    • November 22, 2016 at 12:01 pm
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      I actually wonder if it’s stupidity or if it’s just ignorance. And I don’t mean that in a bad why – I just think there are a lot of people out there who care more about the present and don’t want to think about their financial future. I bet if I sat down with some of these guys and let them know how much free money they’re passing up, they’d push their contributions up at least somewhat.

      — Jim

      Reply
  • November 22, 2016 at 1:14 pm
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    I was explaining to coworkers how it’s insane that they wouldn’t at least contribute up to the match! Our company matches dollar for dollar up to 10% of your income, including after you’ve maxed it out. (they’ll match 10% of your income for the pay periods you aren’t allowed to contribute for legal purposes) For me, that comes out to like 7.5k/year!(my company is a gem in this realm)

    I also like to expound on them the tax savings, and what a little finagling of a W-4 can do to blunt the ‘impact’ for those who ‘can’t afford to contribute’, yet they brag about 3k refunds from the tax man…

    Reply
    • November 22, 2016 at 1:35 pm
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      Wow, that’s a fantastic match! I’d like to concentrate most of my savings on rental property, but when you receive a good match, how can you just pass up the free money?!

      You bring up a good point about the tax savings… some of my friends are shocked when I explain how they can increase their contribution percentage and have the same tax home pay.

      — Jim

      Reply
  • November 23, 2016 at 7:42 pm
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    That is an awesome match. Really puts it in the employees court to match. Plus I love that they are contributing as much for the little guy and to the big guy. Seems like a really fair way of doing things. I get a 5% match at work which is pretty nice but I wouldn’t mind what you have 🙂

    Reply
    • November 24, 2016 at 9:08 am
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      That’s a good point about it being fair – I sometimes forget that not all companies do it that way. We definitely get a good match, but even 5% is an excellent start to your ROI for your investment. 🙂

      — Jim

      Reply
  • November 27, 2016 at 9:48 pm
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    I wish I had really understood just how important that company match is at a younger age! I should have been stuffing that to the brim while it lasted. My current job situation doesn’t offer a 401(k) and it almost physically pains me. Great advice!

    Reply
    • November 28, 2016 at 6:03 pm
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      I was the same way – took me a handful of years before I realized how important that match is. That sucks about not having a 401 at your current job, but hopefully you’re able to find some other money opportunities out there.

      — Jim

      Reply
  • December 1, 2016 at 9:39 am
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    Great points. The Company match should always be taken advantage of! One of my good friends worked at a telecom start up a few years ago and they didn’t even offer good retirement plans let alone 401k matching! It’s easy to take the company match for granted, but it’s pretty much gold 🙂

    Reply
    • December 1, 2016 at 10:54 am
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      Ouch, that sucks on your friend’s company not offering the match. Like you said, it’s pretty much gold – gotta love free money!

      — Jim

      Reply
  • December 3, 2016 at 11:07 am
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    I. too was ignorant in my youth only doing 6%. Then I realized I had extra money each month and crept my % up, because why not save on taxes. I don’t max out my contribution yet. I feel better with money in liquid savings for periodic expenses, and then extra goes to Roth.
    I did talk one coworker into decreasing her ESPP % so she could instead do 401k up to the match. Employee Stock Purchase Plan sounds great, 15% discount, a 401k 3% of 6% math wise doesn’t seem to compare. Until the company stock dips. :/ The summer purchase was around $4, current prices are <$2.
    The company changed their match from 3% of 6% to effectively 4%. If you put in the 6, you are effectively saving 10%. Pretty cool.

    Reply
    • December 4, 2016 at 10:47 am
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      Nice job, Jacq… putting a lot into ESPPs makes me nervous – too many eggs in one basket. 🙂

      — Jim

      Reply

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